639如何提高六级作文翻译分数?

 2021年12月11日

这篇带领大家一扫四六级的作文和翻译题型,并为大家准备了最干的干货。

先说作文。

一、作文

作为四六级来说,总结模板还是比较重要的。

作文一上来就开始写,而且时间也相对较短,作为模板而言,也不用觉得烂大街的就不用,这是等级性考试,而不是选拔式考试。

看到很多类型的作文都有各自的模板,真的也没必要,这一篇可以覆盖所有作文题型。

我比较喜欢从作文答案总结规律,而不是另辟蹊径,毕竟这也是应试考试,没有必要放飞自我。

接下来的回答范文基本都是我从历届考试真题中总结出来的模板,你们可以一边对照真题作文的题目,一边看我的分析。

所包含的句型来源于历届答案的一些句型,更具有实用性。

从历届真题来看,作文一般来说,有 2 种模式的题型。2021 年 6 月份六级作文新增了一种,漫画题型。

不过,不管哪种模式的题型,模板都可以套用一样的。

分开头、中间主体、结尾三部分。开头和结尾不需要过多思考,以最快的方式解决。开头约 30 词,结尾约 30 词,总共 60 词左右。

中间大概用 100 词左右解决,可以根据思路套句进行扩展。

话不多说,直接上干货。

(一)、典型性议论文,题目是一句「名言」

以 2020 年 9 月作文为例

第一套:Beauty of the soul is the essential beauty.

第二套:What is worth doing is worth doing well.

第三套:Wealth of the mind is the only true wealth.

(二)、非典型性议论文,题目是一个短语/how/why/what

以 2019 年 12 月作文为例

第一套:the importance of having a sense of social responsibility.

第二套:the importance of having a sense of family responsibility.

第三套:the importance of having a sense of community responsibility.

对于以上这两种类型的作文,可以总结成一个模板进行,毕竟有相似之处。

提出 2 个论点即可,1 个论点有时候也可以,但是你未必能扩展得那么深刻。

针对这三个部分,下面附上我的常用表达,不在于多,在于精通。

1、开头

1)典型性议论文(名言)

Eg. For this part ,you are allowed 30 minutes to write an essay on the saying Beauty of the soul is the essential beauty.(2020 年 9 月作文)

模板:Nowadays, there has been growing awareness that +名词短语+plays an/a important/significant role in living/our daily life. Just as the saying goes,「名言.」

摆出现象,引出名言,开门见山。

写法:

Nowadays, there has been growing awareness that beauty of the soul plays a significant role in our daily life. Just as the saying goes, 「Beauty of the soul is the essential beauty.」(30 词左右)

2)非典型性议论文(短语/how/why/what)

Eg. (2019 年 12 月作文)For this part ,you are allowed 30 minutes to write an essay on the importance of having a sense of social responsibility.

模板:Nowadays, there has been growing awareness that +题目+plays an/a important/significant role in living/our daily life. So each of us should learn to +题目去掉动词.

分析:摆出现象,呼吁开头,开门见山。

写法:

Nowadays, there has been growing awareness that having a sense of social responsibility plays a significant role in our daily life. So each of us should learn to realize the importance of social responsibility.(30 词左右)

Tip:这个开头简直百发百中,在历届作文中都可以这么套用,这几天可以自己试着练习历届作文题目。

到考场上看到作文题一上来不至于还得想半天,直接直奔主题,节省写作时间。

2、中间主体

1)现象与自身

公式:总结句+现象一般情况(背景+作用)+学生自身(背景+怎么做)

Eg. For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write an essay on the importance of having a sense of family responsibility.(2019 年 12 月作文)

模板:Everyone has certain roles to take on in his or her family. (总结句)

Parents are expected to ensure their children are well-nourished and well-educated, helping them build a strong body and great character. 现象一般情况(背景+作用)

We college students also need to take our responsibility as adult children. Being independent of our parents as early as possible lightens the financial burden on them. Learning to be mature and sensible can prevent us from becoming a constant source of worry to them. Fulfilling our filial duty to the best of our abilities allows them to enjoy life in midlife years, retirement, and the twilight years. 学生自身(背景+怎么做)

2)正反面

正面+反面+展望(自身)

Eg.For this part ,you are allowed 30 minutes to write an essay on the importance of motivation and methods in learning.(2019 年 6 月作文)

模板:Highly motivated students find learning pleasant and rewarding, and therefore maintain a strong desire to acquire new knowledge and skills, and enough courage to meet new challenges. (正面)

Unmotivated students, in contrast, feel like they are forced to learn and get bored easily with this seemingly endless process.(反面)

In addition, proper methods are a contributing factor in increased efficiency and positive learning outcomes. Top students don』t necessarily spend the most amount of time on learning, but more often than not have found the right ways to improve their academic performance.(展望)

3、结尾

1)典型性议论文【名言】

Eg.For this part ,you are allowed 30 minutes to write an essay on the saying Beauty of the soul is the essential beauty.(2020 年 9 月作文)

模板:To sum up, if we attach importance to+题目,life/society will reward us with satisfaction/health and fulfillment/harmony. This is undoubtedly favorable to the development of both N. and N.(名词可以根据具体语境换)

写法:

To sum up, if we attach importance to beauty of the soul,life will reward us with satisfaction and harmony. This is undoubtedly favorable to the development of both us and others.(30 词左右)

2)非典型性议论文【短语】

Eg.For this part ,you are allowed 30 minutes to write an essay on the importance of having a sense of social responsibility.(2019 年 12 月作文)

模板:To sum up, if we make a conscious effort to+题目,life/society will reward us with satisfaction/health and fulfillment/harmony. This is undoubtedly favorable to the development of both N. and N.(名词可以根据具体语境换)

写法:

To sum up, if we make a conscious effort to have a sense of social responsibility, society will reward us with health and harmony. This is undoubtedly favorable to the development of both us and the society.(30 词左右)

(三)、漫画题型:2021 年 6 月作文

第一套:the graph and comment on China's achievements in urbanization.

第二套:the chart and comment on China's achievements in higher education.

第三套:the chart and comment on China's achievements in poverty alleviation.

1、开头

The above chart/graph shows that+总体变化(上升/下降),According to the data+来源(一般是注释),图表题目+ has increased/ decreased from +数据 to +数据.

Eg. You should start your essay with a brief description of the chart and comment on China's achievements in higher education.(2021 年 6 月作文)

写法:

The above chart shows that the past three decades have seen great progress in China's higher education. According to the data from the Ministry of Education, China's gross enrolment ratio

in higher education has increased from 3. 4 % in 1990 to 51. 6% in 2019.(40 词左右)

2、中间(围绕原因回答)

Eg. You should start your essay with a brief description of the chart and comment on China's achievements in higher education.(2021 年 6 月作文)

The reasons accounting for this phenomenon can be listed as follows.(总结句)

For one thing, during the last thirty years, with the strong support of our country, the reform and development of higher education have made significant achievements in all aspects, including the system of recruitment, fees charging and graduates jobplacing, ensuring that all citizens have access to higher education.(第一个原因)

For another,in order to promote the quality of higher education, educational administrative departments at various levels and local governments have actively explored measures and ways to increase educational expenditure and improve schooling conditions and the quality of faculty.(第二个原因)

Besides, with the improvement of living standards, there has been a great change in people's ideas about education, and they are becoming increasingly aware of the necessity of receiving higher education.(第三个原因)

3、结尾

可以根据上述议论文格式,呼吁建议。

To sum up, if we make a conscious effort to+题目,life/society will reward us with satisfaction/health and fulfillment/harmony. This is undoubtedly favorable to the development of both N. and N.(名词可以根据具体语境换)

Eg. You should start your essay with a brief description of the chart and comment on China's achievements in higher education.(2021 年 6 月作文)

写法:

To sum up, if we make a conscious effort to have a sense of higher education, higher education will reward us with development and improvement .This is undoubtedly favorable to the development of both us and the society.(30 词左右)

以上是三种题型的作文模板。下面我们来看翻译。

二、翻译

我把最近 3 年的答案比较常用的句型总结了一遍,应该在考试中发挥得不错。可以对照真题参考我的整理。

先列个目录:

2020 年:四大名著

2019 年 12 月:牡丹/梅花/荷花

2019 年 6 月:成语/方言/汉语

2018 年 12 月:博物馆/图书馆/体育馆

2018 年 6 月:私家车/高铁/自行车

2020 年 9 月翻译句型:

第一套(水浒传)

one of the Four Great Classic Novels in Chinese literature 中国文学四大经典之一

is based on 基于

have been very popular among Chinese readers for hundreds of years 数百年来一直深受中国读者的喜爱

It goes without exaggeration that 毫不夸张地说

As a matter of fact 事实上

beyond the national boundary 超出国界

第二套(红楼梦)

in the 18th century 在 18 世纪

one of the world』s greatest literary creations 世界最伟大的文学作品之一

第三套(西游记)

the most influential one among the Four Great Classic Novels of Chinese literature

是中国文学四大经典小说最具影响力的一部

a large amount of 大量的

2020 年 7 月翻译句型:

三国

a famous historical novel in China 中国著名的历史小说

the second half of the second century 二世纪下半叶

be recognized as 被公认

Since its publication 自出版以来

wide and lasting 广泛持久

2019 年 12 月翻译句型:

第一套(牡丹)

下划线的是可以切换的词汇

is a symbol of 是一个……的象征

recognize as 视为

in many parts of the country 在国家很多地方

Over the centuries 千百年来

have been created to 被创造

during the Tang Dynasty 唐代时期

in the tenth century 十世纪时

the center for 为……中心

it still holds today 它仍然保持到今天

Nowadays 现在

Thousands of 成千上万

from home and abroad 国内外

the ancient of nine dynasties 九朝古都

第二套(梅花)

the king of China』s top ten famous flowers 十大名花之首

originate in 起源于

southern/northern China 中国南/北方

for over 3000 years 超过 3000 年

In the depths of winter 隆冬时节

a symbol of 象征了

traditional Chinese culture 中国传统文化

Since ancient times 自古以来

general public 普通大众

be used as 常用于

during the Spring Festival 春节期间

thousands of people 成千上万的人

第三套(荷花)

one of China』s famous flowers 中国的名花之一

have been deeply loved by Chinese people 深受人们喜爱

in many parts of China 在中国许多地方

last up to two or three months 长达两三个月

from all over the country 来自各地

multiple uses 多种功能

as well as 不但而且,也

be used as 常用于

a metaphor for 比喻

throughout history 历来

2019 年 6 月翻译句型:

第一套(成语)

a unique type of 一种……的独特类型

most of/mostly 大多

derive from ancient literature 来源古代文学

link with 与……有关

be difficult to 对……困难

traditional Chinese culture 中国传统文化

widely 广泛地

more+adj. 更……

第二套(方言)

vast territory 幅员辽阔

large population 人口众多

the number of people 人数

in recent years 近几年

In order to 为了

take measures 采取措施

such as 例如

in the hope of 期待

第三套(汉语)

the largest number of people 人数最多

One way in which A differs from B is that A 和 B 的一个区别在于

Instead of 而不是

people from different regions 来自不同地区的人

find it difficult to 发现很难去

play an important role in 发挥了重要的作用(作文句式也很频繁)

with the rapid growth of China』s economy and the increase in its global influence

随着中国经济的快速增长和全球影响力的增强(建议背过,用于作文句式也很好)

a rising number of people 越来越多(翻译经常出现)

2018 年 12 月翻译句型:

第一套(博物馆)

in recent years 近几年

a growing number of people 越来越多(翻译经常出现)

be open to sb. for free/be open to sb, free of charge 免费开放

the number of people 人数

take measures to 采取措施

an increasing variety of 越来越多样

Quite a few 不少

第二套(图书馆)

make full use of 充分利用

growing year by year 逐年增长

not only, but also 不仅而且

in recent years 近年来

Thus 从而

further 进一步(翻译经常出现)

第三套(体育馆)

in recent years 近年来

the Chinese government 中国政府

further 进一步

In addition to 除了

take measures 采取措施

the number of 数量

an increasing number of 越来越多

It is foreseeable that 可以预见

2018 年 6 月翻译句型:

第一套(私家车)

In the past 过去

for most Chinese people 对于大部分中国人

an indispensable part of 不可或缺的一部分

not only, but also 不仅而且

so that 以至于

due to 由于

第二套(高铁)

largest and fastest 最大最快

Different from 相对于……而言

A growing number of people 越来越多的人

In addition 还有

第三套(自行车)

use to 曾经

Recently 近来

In order to 为了

所谓翻译或者写作,无非就是围绕主谓(系)宾的基础上进行展开,一般来说还是直译为主,适当从句也很出彩。

通过几个例子来拆解:

Eg 1、成语是汉语中的一种独特的表达方式。

主谓宾:成语是表达方式。

翻译:Chinese idioms(主)are(系)an expression(宾).

再翻译:Chinese idioms(主) are (系)a unique expression(宾).

再翻译:Chinese idioms(主) are (系)a unique type of Chinese expression(宾).

Eg 2、南京市已将梅花定为市花,每年举办梅花节,成千上万的人冒着严寒到梅花山踏雪赏梅。

这句话的主谓宾就不容易判断了,但是仔细读几遍,也有章可循。

主谓宾(并列句)+宾补:~and~,which

Nanjing has designated the pium blossom as the city flower and holds the Plum Blossom Festival each year, which attracts thousands of people to Plum Blossom Hill to enjoy the full bloom in the sow irrespective of the severe cold.2019 年 12 月:牡丹/梅花/荷花

2019 年 6 月:成语/方言/汉语

2018 年 12 月:博物馆/图书馆/体育馆

2018 年 6 月:私家车/高铁/自行车

2020 年 9 月翻译句型:

第一套(水浒传)

one of the Four Great Classic Novels in Chinese literature 中国文学四大经典之一

is based on 基于

have been very popular among Chinese readers for hundreds of years 数百年来一直深受中国读者的喜爱

It goes without exaggeration that 毫不夸张地说

As a matter of fact 事实上

beyond the national boundary 超出国界

第二套(红楼梦)

in the 18th century 在 18 世纪

one of the world』s greatest literary creations 世界最伟大的文学作品之一

第三套(西游记)

the most influential one among the Four Great Classic Novels of Chinese literature

是中国文学四大经典小说最具影响力的一部

a large amount of 大量的

2020 年 7 月翻译句型:

三国

a famous historical novel in China 中国著名的历史小说

the second half of the second century 二世纪下半叶

be recognized as 被公认

Since its publication 自出版以来

wide and lasting 广泛持久

2019 年 12 月翻译句型:

第一套(牡丹)

下划线的是可以切换的词汇

is a symbol of 是一个……的象征

recognize as 视为

in many parts of the country 在国家很多地方

Over the centuries 千百年来

have been created to 被创造

during the Tang Dynasty 唐代时期

in the tenth century 十世纪时

the center for 为……中心

it still holds today 它仍然保持到今天

Nowadays 现在

Thousands of 成千上万

from home and abroad 国内外

the ancient of nine dynasties 九朝古都

第二套(梅花)

the king of China』s top ten famous flowers 十大名花之首

originate in 起源于

southern/northern China 中国南/北方

for over 3000 years 超过 3000 年

In the depths of winter 隆冬时节

a symbol of 象征了

traditional Chinese culture 中国传统文化

Since ancient times 自古以来

general public 普通大众

be used as 常用于

during the Spring Festival 春节期间

thousands of people 成千上万的人

第三套(荷花)

one of China』s famous flowers 中国的名花之一

have been deeply loved by Chinese people 深受人们喜爱

in many parts of China 在中国许多地方

last up to two or three months 长达两三个月

from all over the country 来自各地

multiple uses 多种功能

as well as 不但而且,也

be used as 常用于

a metaphor for 比喻

throughout history 历来

2019 年 6 月翻译句型:

第一套(成语)

a unique type of 一种……的独特类型

most of/mostly 大多

derive from ancient literature 来源古代文学

link with 与……有关

be difficult to 对……困难

traditional Chinese culture 中国传统文化

widely 广泛地

more+adj. 更……

第二套(方言)

vast territory 幅员辽阔

large population 人口众多

the number of people 人数

in recent years 近几年

In order to 为了

take measures 采取措施

such as 例如

in the hope of 期待

第三套(汉语)

the largest number of people 人数最多

One way in which A differs from B is that A 和 B 的一个区别在于

Instead of 而不是

people from different regions 来自不同地区的人

find it difficult to 发现很难去

play an important role in 发挥了重要的作用(作文句式也很频繁)

with the rapid growth of China』s economy and the increase in its global influence

随着中国经济的快速增长和全球影响力的增强(建议背过,用于作文句式也很好)

a rising number of people 越来越多(翻译经常出现)

2018 年 12 月翻译句型:

第一套(博物馆)

in recent years 近几年

a growing number of people 越来越多(翻译经常出现)

be open to sb. for free/be open to sb, free of charge 免费开放

the number of people 人数

take measures to 采取措施

an increasing variety of 越来越多样

Quite a few 不少

第二套(图书馆)

make full use of 充分利用

growing year by year 逐年增长

not only, but also 不仅而且

in recent years 近年来

Thus 从而

further 进一步(翻译经常出现)

第三套(体育馆)

in recent years 近年来

the Chinese government 中国政府

further 进一步

In addition to 除了

take measures 采取措施

the number of 数量

an increasing number of 越来越多

It is foreseeable that 可以预见

2018 年 6 月翻译句型:

第一套(私家车)

In the past 过去

for most Chinese people 对于大部分中国人

an indispensable part of 不可或缺的一部分

not only, but also 不仅而且

so that 以至于

due to 由于

第二套(高铁)

largest and fastest 最大最快

Different from 相对于……而言

A growing number of people 越来越多的人

In addition 还有

第三套(自行车)

use to 曾经

Recently 近来

In order to 为了

所谓翻译或者写作,无非就是围绕主谓(系)宾的基础上进行展开,一般来说还是直译为主,适当从句也很出彩。

通过几个例子来拆解:

Eg 1、成语是汉语中的一种独特的表达方式。

主谓宾:成语是表达方式。

翻译:Chinese idioms(主)are(系)an expression(宾).

再翻译:Chinese idioms(主) are (系)a unique expression(宾).

再翻译:Chinese idioms(主) are (系)a unique type of Chinese expression(宾).

Eg 2、南京市已将梅花定为市花,每年举办梅花节,成千上万的人冒着严寒到梅花山踏雪赏梅。

这句话的主谓宾就不容易判断了,但是仔细读几遍,也有章可循。

主谓宾(并列句)+宾补:~and~,which

Nanjing has designated the pium blossom as the city flower and holds the Plum Blossom Festival each year, which attracts thousands of people to Plum Blossom Hill to enjoy the full bloom in the sow irrespective of the severe cold.

如何提高六级作文翻译分数? - 南嘉的回答 - 知乎