377大学英语四级作文有没有万能套句?

 

2021年10月4日

先亮分:四级 659,写作 204。一个黄金法则:四六级作文都可以拆成 18 句话,套路句分开头、主体、结尾,三步走。

大学英语四级和六级的作文,是有万能套句的。

非英语专业的我,就是通过研究作文套句加上一丢丢的考试技巧,只用了不到一个星期备考作文,成功一次性高分 pass 了四级,让作文成功上了 200。

简单介绍下我自己,985 大学非英语专业的沙雕老学姐,后来读研在全英文环境中待了 2 年。

最擅长研究各种考试套路,下次找机会我再专门分享下「大学期末考怎么门门 90+」、「数学微积分上课听不懂照样高分的套路。

念书时,我大学四六级、托福(TOEFL)都只考了一次就高分通过,考得最好的就是阅读和写作:四级阅读 214 分,写作 204;托福阅读 30,写作 28。

如果你要问我,「为啥写作总是能考这么高?」

学姐我要告诉你,

这——

都是因为有「万能套句」的存在。

今天,我就来分享下英语写作的独门秘籍保证看完肯定大有收获结尾还有干货彩蛋

学弟学妹快上车!

现在真真是四六级考试、最最应该临时抱佛脚的时候。

1、记不住的万能套句,不是好的万能套句

首先,记不住的万能套句,都是耍流氓。

考试啊,一紧张什么都忘。现在背 200 个一看就忘的句子,还不如背 20 个记得住、能熟练运用的句子。

你可能想不到,搞定一篇四六级作文,你真的只需要搞定至多 18 个句子。

不信?我来给你分析下:

四六级作文最少写 120 词,我习惯的篇幅是 150-180 词。(官方规定最少 120 词,四级最多 180 词,六级最多 200 词)。

平均每句话 10 词,差不多也就是写 180/10=18 句话。

看到这里,你是不是就不慌了。

对,其实完成一篇四级作文,你真正要写的,也不过就 18 句话而已。

这 18 句话,分配到开头、主体、结尾,每个 part 差不多 2-4 句话,9-11 句话,2-3 句话

除去临场发挥的一些短句、描述例子时的朴素语句等,你需要提前准备的万能套句就更少了。

「那到底万能套句有哪些嘛?!」

「万能套句怎么用嘛?!」

「……」

下面直接上干货。

干货来袭!

2、三类万能套句,记住就能下笔成章。

刚才说了,咱们只用搞定开头、主体、结尾这 3 个部分的分别几句话就行。

三类万能套句就依此而来。

<1> 开头类万能套句

在开始介绍开头类万能套句时,我得先阐明一个理念:

我们选择背诵的万能套句,一定是优中选优的精品。

啥叫「优中选优的精品」? 就是:

第一,能在词汇、句式、写法等方面惊艳到你
第二,能成功套用到多种作文体裁、题目的可能性更高

举个栗子,现在有 2 个句子:

第一句:In modern times, social progress enables an increasing number of common citizens to do something, with + sb. / sth. + 「-ing 分词从句」 .

第二句:With the development of science and technology , more and more people believe that…

如果让我评判,我会认为第一句话比第二句更优,理由有四:

  • 用词上,common citizens 比 people 更新颖一点。
  • 短语上,an increasing number of 比 more and more 更高级一点。
  • 句式上,第一句略长好凑字数。
  • 内容上,第一句更容易套用到更多场景。

我们用真题举例。

2020 年 12 月大学英语四级作文题目:

Changes in the way of Education/Transportation/Communication。(论教育/交通/人际沟通的变化)

In modern times, social progress enables an increasing number of common citizens to change their way of children education,with online-teaching allowing students to study at home.

In modern times, social progress enables an increasing number of common citizens to change the way of transportation,with the establishment of various public transportation making travel convenient and efficient.

In modern times, social progress enables an increasing number of common citizens to change the way of communication, with social media and electronic devices gradually exposing people to the explosion of information.

妥妥套用的天衣无缝。

再举一个六级的例子。

2020 年 12 月大学英语六级作文题目:讨论下「why students should be encouraged to develop effective communication skills.」(论为啥学生要发展高效沟通技能)

套用上面的句型,其实也超简单:

In modern times, social progress enables an increasing number of common citizens to attach more importance to effective communication,with college students being encouraged to equip themselves with useful communication skills.

即使是书信体,也根本不在怕的。

改一改,还能用!

如 2019 年 12 月大学英语四级作文题目:「Write a letter to a foreign friend who wants to teach English in China . Please recommend a city to him.」(写一封信,给想来中国教英语的外国友人推荐一座城市)

怎么套用呢?我来示范下如何「灵活改写」。

In modern times, social progress enables an increasing number of foreign friends to come to China, with the aim of studying in China while making a living by teaching English.

怎么方便、怎么合适、怎么顺手,就怎么改写。

总归万能句是能在 99% 的场合下都派上用场的,就看熟悉程度和随机应变的灵活度了,万变不离其宗!

相比之下,第二句话「With the development of science and technology , more and more people believe that…」就很不友好,无法灵活多变的完成写作任务,所以,当然选择第一句话背啦!

好了,像上面这样的「开头类万能套句」,我已经给大家备好了。上菜——

不多,就 5 句。

熟练掌握顶 50 句!

马上背起来!

(1)In modern times, social progress enables an increasing number of common citizens to do something, with + sb. / sth. + 「-ing 分词从句」 .

(2)Nowadays, with the rapidly growing popularity of +题目主题,there is a growing concern over +题目主题(宽泛) since +表原因句子.

(3)When it comes to+题目主题, a host of people consider sth as adj1,while from my perspective,I regard sth as +adj2,with+状态描述短语/从句.

(4) In recent years, there exists a growing tendency for somebody (e.g. college students), who are + adj to do something +, to do sth + when 描述时间/场景出现.

(5)When asked about…, the majority would support A. Others, however, like me, regard B as their propensity.

<2> 主体类万能套句

讲完了开头,就要来讲中间主体部分的万能套句。

这一部分,大概要搞定 9-11 句话,相信我,也非常非常简单!

三下五除二,我们明确下主体部分的写作思路没有思路的同学,按着这个思路写绝对会文思泉涌:

思路一:正说+举例(正)+反说+举例(反)
思路二:正说+举例 1(正)+ 举例 2(正)

什么意思呢?

「正说」指的是正向思维的观点,「举例(正)」是用来佐证正面观点的。

「反说」指的是反向思维的观点,「举例(反)」是用来佐证反面观点的。

这样写作,真的不难:

正说 2 句话,反说 2 句话,举 2 个例子每个 2-3 句话,

主体部分就完成了……完成了……成了。

而且,举例子的要点在于表达清楚、切中要害、符合逻辑,能够印证自己所述观点。所以,即使用最简单的「主谓宾——什么人做了什么事」句式,只要保证不出语法错、搭配下高端过渡词,就真的可以了。

至于正说万能句、反说万能句,背下来万能套句,搞定。

举个栗子,还是 2020 年 12 月大学英语四级作文题目:Changes in the way of Communication.

主题部分按照思路一,可以这样写:

正说:First and foremost, it is acknowledged that the difficulty of communication has been greatly reduced by advanced development of Internet, through which we can enjoy real-time chatting and talking with family member or friends. (31 词)

举例(正):For example,popular mobile phone application such as WeChat enables us to communicate with friends by sending a message saying 'hello' in 3 seconds . Besides, in the days of short video,people can share their life or express their opinions with millions of netizens through TikTok,Kuaishou or Weibo.(50 词)

反说:However,as opposed to what App-developers initially might be intended to do,the rapid appearance of electronic devices,apps and other forms of social media have exerted negative influence to communication. (28 词)

举例(反):A typical example is that people tend to spend less time in face-to-face communication. Moreover,some people say they feel anxious when open mobile phone and find the unread messages notice is 「99+」.(33 词)

主体部分就这样搞定了,一共 142 词,每个部分都没超过 2 句话。

如果你写不喜欢长句子,加一些简单的短句,长短句结合、更清爽。

别慌!有救!

至于主体类万能句,我都列在下面了。

A. 正说万能句

(1) First and foremost, it is acknowledged that +somebody,插入语(描述 somebody),has done something, exerting great influence on something.

(2) In the first place, it is noticeable/evident that …

(3)On one hand, 主句,resulting in +题目事件可能导致的后果。

On the other hand,provided that +假设的情况, the circumstance will be totally/slightly different.

(4)According to the fact that…, it is now accepted by somebody that+正向观点.

(5)To begin with, it is the social trend that+正向观点.

B. 反说万能句

(1)However,as opposed to what general public believe, 反向观点.

(2)On the contrary, some people take different views on …

(3)Sth. is an increasingly widespread problem that it imposes a dramatic influence on…

(4)Although there is no denying that …, we cannot ignore the fact that +反向观点.

(5)Unfortunately, it is not always the case that…

C. 举例万能句

\1. For instance/For example…

\2. Take sth for example…

\3. A typical example of this is …Another example worth noting is that…

\4. Given the fact that +例子,we should develop an awareness of…

5.A case in point is the….

D. 万能高级句式

1. 定语从句(which+句子)

主句,对「主句」或者「主句中的名词」用 which 继续解释说明

超简单好用的结构,必须用起!

2. with 表伴随

主句,with sb. /sth. doing

with 可以很好的对主句进行补充说明,更能很好的凑字数。

3. 强调句

It is sb. /sth. that do something.

「It is…that」删掉对主句没有影响,只是为了强调突出中间的「sb. /sth.」部分。这个句式超加分,推荐记。

4. 插入语

删掉完全对主句无影响的名词词组、短句,对前文更好的解释说明

When we look at a realistic painting - a portrait of a historical figure - we accept by convention that the portrait represents a real person or actual objects.

5.倒装句

否定副词放前,往往要部分倒装

She hardly has time to listen to music. → Hardly does she have time to listen to music. 她几乎没时间听音乐。

要说反面例子的时候,记得倒装提升一下逼格,一篇作文中有 1 处倒装就够啦!

<3> 结尾类万能套句

万里长征最后一步,结尾完成,就大功告成了!

老学姐又要感慨,结尾也超级、超级简单。

大学生考四六级,能有什么坏心思呢?肯定是要往「真善美」方向升华主题的。

不知道咋写的话,记住下面这个写法:

I, as a college student, deem that it is of great necessity for youngsters to+真善美、高大上观点. To sum up,复述题目观点+真善美、高大上观点。

表明自己是大学生,年轻人应该弘扬真善美是绝对不会有问题的!

比如,2020 年 12 月大学英语四级作文题「Changes in the way of Communication.」结尾就可以这么写:

I, as a college student, deem that it is of great necessity for youngsters to realize the preciousness of traditional way of communication. To sum up, our way of communication has been changed by advanced technology, but we can still choose to keep a balance between virtual communication and face-to-face communication.

首先表明下自己大学生的身份,其次再弘扬下真善美的观点,点出既要珍视传统的交流方式,又要在现代网络虚拟交流和现实交流中取得平衡。

妥了妥了,完篇!

所以啊,有了万能套句,作文真的特别简单。

老规矩,接着上干货!

结尾类万能套句我放在这里:

(1) I, as a college student, deem that it is of great necessity for youngsters to+真善美、高大上观点. To sum up, 复述题目观点+真善美、高大上观点.

(2) In brief/In conclusion/Last but not least, we ought to take actions to do sth. (真善美)

(3)All in all,I believe that as the new generation of our country, we should always do sth.(真善美)

(4) Therefore, in my opinion/in a nutshell, only… somebody do something… can somebody do something(如 the society becomes better).

(5)Simply put, based on all the analysis above, it is no overstatement to say that…

知识,它得进脑袋哦。

3、实战小范文

2020 年 12 月大学英语四级作文题目:Changes in the way of Communication.

套用万能句的完整范文如下:

开头:In modern times, social progress enables an increasing number of common citizens to change the way of communication, with social media and electronic devices gradually exposing people to the explosion of information. (29 词)

正说:First and foremost, it is acknowledged that the difficulty of communication has been greatly reduced by advanced development of Internet, through which we can enjoy real-time chatting and talking with family member or friends. (31 词)

举例(正):For example,popular mobile phone application such as WeChat enables us to communicate with friends by sending a message saying 'hello' in 3 seconds . Besides, in the days of short video,people can share their life or express their opinions with millions of netizens through TikTok,Kuaishou or Weibo.(50 词)

反说:Howeveras opposed to what App-developers initially might to do,the rapid appearance of electronic devices,apps and other forms of social media have exerted negative influence to communication. (28 词)

举例(反):A typical example is that people tend to spend less time in face-to-face communication. Moreover,some people say they feel anxious when open mobile phone and find the unread messages notice is 「99+」.(33 词)

结尾:I, as a college student, deem that it is of great necessity for youngsters to realize the preciousness of traditional way of communication. To sum up, our way of communication has been changed by advanced technology, but we can still choose to keep a balance between virtual communication and face-to-face communication. (46 词)

总共 217 词。

写得太长了。

咳咳,学姐这是为了举例说明的比较详实…

考试的时候可以写短一点!

不要写这么长哦。

不小心写得太长了…

这也侧面说明了,

大学英语四六级考试的写作,就真的是很容易,就能凑满字数的。

有了万能套句,

绝对不用怕!

4、总结

马上又要到一年二度的四六级考试啦,给大家总结完万能套句,现在再给大家推荐两本英文写作书。

英语基础偏弱的同学推荐看《大学英语四六级写作特训》,英语基础不错的同学推荐看《雅思写作高分范文集》,降维打击永远是王道。

微信读书里就有,超级方便,很好用很好用,想提高下自己写作能力的同学可以搜一下。

重点看看考试话题、谋篇布局,顺便再挑一挑你喜欢的词组背背。

刻苦抱佛脚的时候到了!

最后,学姐再把开头、主体、结尾的万能套句一起放出来,方便大家备考、记忆。

一、开头万能句:

(1)In modern times, social progress enables an increasing number of common citizens to do something, with + sb. / sth. + 「-ing 分词从句」 .

(2)Nowadays, with the rapidly growing popularity of +题目主题,there is a growing concern over +题目主题(宽泛) since +表原因句子.

(3)When it comes to+题目主题, a host of people consider sth as adj1,while from my perspective,I regard sth as +adj2,with+状态描述短语/从句.

(4) In recent years, there exists a growing tendency for somebody (e.g. college students), who are + adj to do something +, to do sth + when 描述时间/场景出现.

(5)When asked about…, the majority would support A. Others, however, like me, regard B as their propensity.

二、主体万能句:

A.正说万能句

(1) First and foremost, it is acknowledged that +somebody,插入语(描述 somebody),has done something, exerting great influence on something.

(2) In the first place, it is noticeable/evident that …

(3)On one hand, 主句,resulting in +题目事件可能导致的后果。

On the other hand,provided that +假设的情况, the circumstance will be totally/slightly different.

(4)According to the fact that…, it is now accepted by somebody that+正向观点.

(5)To begin with, it is the social trend that+正向观点.

B.反说万能句

(1)However,as opposed to what general public believe, 反向观点.

(2)On the contrary, some people take different views on …

(3)Sth. is an increasingly widespread problem that it imposes a dramatic influence on…

(4)Although there is no denying that …, we cannot ignore the fact that +反向观点.

(5)Unfortunately, it is not always the case that…

C.举例万能句

\1. For instance/For example…

\2. Take sth for example…

\3. A typical example of this is …Another example worth noting is that…

\4. Given the fact that +例子,we should develop an awareness of…

5.A case in point is the….

D.万能高级句式

1.定语从句(which+句子)

主句,对「主句」或者「主句中的名词」用 which 继续解释说明

超简单好用的结构,必须用起!

2.with 表伴随

主句,with sb. /sth. doing

with 可以很好的对主句进行补充说明,更能很好的凑字数。

3.强调句

It is sb. /sth. that do something.

「It is…that」删掉对主句没有影响,只是为了强调突出中间的「sb. /sth.」部分。这个句式超加分,推荐记。

4.插入语

删掉完全对主句无影响的名词词组、短句,对前文更好的解释说明

When we look at a realistic painting - a portrait of a historical figure - we accept by convention that the portrait represents a real person or actual objects.

5.倒装句

否定副词放前,往往要部分倒装。

She hardly has time to listen to music. → Hardly does she have time to listen to music. 她几乎没时间听音乐。

三、结尾万能句

(1) I, as a college student, deem that it is of great necessity for youngsters to+真善美、高大上观点. To sum up, 复述题目观点+真善美、高大上观点.

(2) In brief/In conclusion/Last but not least, we ought to take actions to do sth. (真善美)

(3)All in all,I believe that as the new generation of our country, we should always do sth.(真善美)

(4)Therefore, in my opinion/in a nutshell, only… somebody do something… can somebody do something(如 the society becomes better).

(5)Simply put, based on all the analysis above, it is no overstatement to say that…

最后,请收下:

高分魔法棒!年底四六级,过过过!

大学英语四级作文有没有万能套句? - 林饱饱的回答 - 知乎